Types of Blood cells

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Types of Blood cells

Types of Blood cells

Types of Blood cells: Blood is a fluid circulating in the human body that accumulates in the heart through veins and then circulates throughout the body by arteries. The color of the blood is red because red color is found in the red cells of hemoglobin. Blood is the connective tissue.

In simple words, blood is the fluid that carries various types of substances in our body from one place to another and these substances are both beneficial and harmful.

The blood is divided into two parts –

  • Plasma
  • Blood Corpuscles

Plasma

It is a fluid present in the blood that is yellow in color. The help of which cells and proteins carry blood to various organs of the human body. The amount of plasma in the body varies from 52 to 62 percent.

Blood Corpuscles

A detailed study of the granules found in the blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and vertebrates.

Types of Blood cells

Four types of things are found in the blood, which is –

Plasma, red blood cells or RBCs, white blood cells or WBCs, and platelets.

Plasma

It is a fluid available in the blood. 92 percent of which is water. Plasma contains proteins, hormones, carbon dioxide, and glucose minerals in addition to water. The transport of carbon dioxide in the body is through blood plasma.

In addition, serum albumin, a variety of proteins, and electrolytes are also found in the blood. The blood is red due to the hemoglobin and iron element found in blood cells.

Red Blood Cells

Red blood cells play the most important role in our body. The protein inside the red blood cells is called hemoglobin which carries oxygen to all the cells of our body.

Red blood cells also carry out the release of carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs. They form in the bone marrow, inside the bones, and these cells have a lifespan of about 120 days. Red blood cell count is difficult to pinpoint and these numbers vary among men, women, and children.

The number of red blood cells is approximately 4.7 to 6.1 million cells per microliter (µL) in men and 4.2 to 5.4 million cells in women.

RBC deficiency increases the risk of anemia disease.

In fact, anemia is not a disease, but it can definitely be the cause of many diseases.
In fact, anemia is not a disease, but it can definitely be the cause of many diseases.


What is anemia?
Our body needs iron along with other nutrients to stay healthy and fit. Iron makes red blood cells in our bodies. These cells are the ones that make hemoglobin in the body. The function of hemoglobin is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the bloodstream. Therefore iron deficiency causes hemoglobin deficiency in the body and lack of oxygen in the body due to deficiency of hemoglobin. It causes weakness and fatigue, it is called anemia.

Due to higher than the average number of red blood cells:

  • Kidney Problems
  • Bone Marrow Disease
  • Decreased oxygen levels in the blood – Hypoxia
  • Dehydration
  • Some medicines also affect the blood, which can cause RBC levels to be higher or lower than normal.

White Blood Cells

Like red blood cells, white blood cells are also very important for the body and health. Their function is to increase the body’s resistance and protect the body from infection. Whenever there is a deficiency of these cells in the blood, the resistance starts decreasing.

The number of white blood cells in the body of a healthy person is 4,000 to 11,000 per microliter. These cells provide protection to the body from external infection. Along with this, they help in the production of antibodies as well as in destroying infectious agents and cancer cells.

Platelets

These are very small particles of cells present in the bone marrow, which in technical language are called megakaryocytes. A large part of the blood of living beings is made up of platelets. They are oval in shape and they are four hundred thousandths of an inch in size.

Having the right amount of platelets in the body is a sign of a healthy body and its functioning properly. But due to a lack of platelets, the body and health have to suffer. One can easily increase the number of platelets through correct catering.

A diet rich in nutrients like protein, vitamins A, C, K, zinc, folic acid, selenium, etc., is effective in increasing platelets.

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