The Components Of Blood

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The Components Of Blood

The Components Of Blood

The Components Of Blood: Blood is the fluid that circulates in the human body, which is deposited in the heart through the veins and is re-circulated from the heart to the whole body through the arteries, which we call the work of the blood. Blood may have other functions.

Structure of Blood

Blood is a red-colored, sticky, opaque, slightly alkaline liquid. Plasma liquid 55%, water 90%, protein 100, and RBC and WBC 45% are found in the blood. Passing through the blood vessels and the heart, it continuously circulates throughout the body. A healthy person with an average weight (about 70 kg) has about 5 to 5.5 liters of blood in his body. It covers about 7-8 percent of the body. The amount of blood in women is less than that of men.

The Components Of Blood

The names of the components of blood are as follows:

Plasma
Red Blood Cells (RBC)
White Blood Vessels (WBC)
Platelets

Plasma

Plasma is the yellowish liquid component of blood in which the blood cells of whole blood are normally suspended. It accounts for about 55% of the total blood volume.

Red Blood Cells (RBC)

There is no nucleus in this cell. Its average age is 120 days. It was discovered by Antoni Leuven Hawke. Red blood cells are formed in the bone marrow of adult humans. The Center is present in RBC because hemoglobin is found in place of the center (12-14 in females, 14-16 in males), and to measure it viscometer is used.

White Blood Vessels (WBC)

White blood cells are made in the bone marrow. These are the cells necessary for the immune system ie the body’s immune system. A healthy person has 4,500 to 11,000 white blood cells per microliter of blood.

Platelets

Platelets are such cells of our body that prevent blood from flowing. Blood is stopped with the help of platelets when there is bleeding from the vessels due to any injury or other reason in the body. The number of low platelets is very important for the regular body. If there is a decrease or increase in the number of platelets in any situation, then many types of diseases start to occur. Usually, the lack of platelets causes the problem.

How many platelets should be in the human body?

A platelet count of 1.5 to 4.5 lakh per microliter of blood is considered healthy. Having more or fewer platelets than this is not good for health. Low Range: Having less than 1.5 lakh platelets per microliter of blood is a low range i.e. lack of platelets. The number of platelets less than 20 thousand can be fatal.