Presbyopia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment


Presbyopia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Presbyopia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment: Presbyopia is a common loss of close focusing ability that occurs with age.

Most people begin to notice the effects of presbyopia sometime after the age of 40 when they start having trouble seeing small print clearly – including text messages on their phones.

Although presbyopia is a normal change in our eyes as we age, it is often a significant and emotional phenomenon as it is a sign of aging that is difficult to ignore and hide.

This is due to the hardening of the lens of the eye causing the eyes to reflect light instead of the retina when viewing close objects.

This is a type of refractive error with nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Diagnosis is in the examination.


When you become presbyopic, you will need to keep your smartphone and other objects and reading materials (books, magazines, menus, labels, etc.) away from your eyes to see more clearly.

Unfortunately, when you move things away from your eyes they become smaller in size, so this is only a temporary and partially successful solution.


These age-related changes occur within the proteins in the lens, causing the lens to become harder and less flexible over time.

Age-related changes also occur in the muscle fibers attached to the lens. With less flexibility, it becomes difficult for the eye to focus on close objects.

The Treatment

Glasses are considered the most commonly used method of presbyopia treatment. These pre-made glasses are worn when focusing on objects within close range for some time, such as when reading or sewing. Reading glasses are easy to obtain without a prescription.

Custom glasses and contact lenses used for presbyopia treatment can be obtained with a prescription after being examined by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist.

An ophthalmologist examines eye disorders and/or eye disease by medical or surgical methods. An optometrist, on the other hand, examines the eyes and prescribes corrective lenses.

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