Minerals with Names
Minerals with Names: Minerals are inorganic materials, which contain one or more elements. Minerals are physical substances obtained from quarry excavation. According to some definitions, a mineral is a substance that is crystalline.
Some useful mineral substances like iron, coal, bauxite (which makes aluminum), salt, zinc, limestone, etc. To be a mineral, it must be hard and crystalline.
Classification of minerals
- Silicate class
- Carbonate class
- Oxide class
- Phosphate class
- Organic class
The minerals that are obtained from the mines are not pure, so they are first washed and the soil particles obtained by washing and many soluble and insoluble compounds are mixed.
Types of minerals
There are mainly three types of minerals:
- Metallic mineral
- Non-metallic Minerals
Metallic minerals are conductors of electricity. Metallic minerals have a luster and can also be polished. Most of the metallic minerals are in solid-state.
Non-metallic minerals are not conductors of electricity. They are not as lustrous as metallic minerals, nor can they be polished. Three states of non-metallic minerals are found in solid, liquid, and gas forms.
Physical properties of minerals
Minerals have the following physical properties:
color: Most minerals have a specific color that can be used for identification.
Brightness: Brightness is the property of minerals that indicates how much the mineral's surface reflects light. The brightness of a mineral is influenced by the brightness of the light used to inspect the mineral surface. Density: Density refers to the volume per unit. Specific gravity is the relative density, (the weight of a substance divided by the weight of an equal volume of water). The density of CGS in units is 3 grams per cm, and the density of water is 1 gram / cm 3, the specific weight will have the same numerical value as the density. Cracks and Fractures: When a mineral breaks, it is caused by a fracture or crack (or exfoliation). The crystalline crack is a smooth break that appears to be a flat crystalline face.
Antimony: Antimony metal is used to make grid electric storage batteries with alloys. It has its own pure form and is found only in pure form in nature.
Barium: Barium is a common element used in X-ray technology, fireworks, glass making, and rat poisoning. It is a soft, white metallic element and is also alkaline.
Bauxite: Bauxite is a sedimentary rock that is an important aluminum ore. The aluminum content in it is derived from the soil above.
Cobalt: Cobalt is famous for the incredible blue that imparts glass and pigment. It is found in meteorites and is used in invisible inks. It is a brittle metal that resembles iron.
Copper: Copper is considered a common metal in the world. It is used for making currency, ornaments and is also used for conducting electricity.
Gold: Gold is one of the most familiar metals for most people. Which is used for jewelry, dentistry, electronics etc. It is the most malleable metal and this enhances the way it is used.
Gypsum: Gypsum has a wide variety of uses and is also a very soft mineral, commonly found in drywall, also known as sheet rock. It is also used as road construction etc.