Kidney Function (work of kidney)
Kidney Function (work of kidney): The kidney is very important in the human body because it removes the toxic products of our body. Kidney problems can also cause serious illness or death. The kidney is called Gurda or Vrikka in Hindi. Its job is to filter the blood. They remove waste, regulate the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes. Apart from this, the kidney also controls the amount of salt, potassium, and acid in the human body. At the same time, those hormones are also released from the kidney which is necessary for other parts of our body to function.
Work of Kidney
The main function of the kidney is to filter waste and extra fluid from the blood, purify the blood and remove the waste through urine. That is why it is said that only a healthy kidney contributes to building a healthy body. If the kidney does not filter the dirt and fluid from the blood properly, then this condition is called kidney disease. If it is treated in the early stages, it does not cause much serious harm, but when we do not recognize or ignore its symptoms in the early stages of kidney disease, then over time it can take the form of a serious disease. In the last stage of kidney disease, it has to be treated by dialysis.
There are usually two kidneys in the body of both men and women. It is located inside the abdomen, in the back, on both sides of the spine (in the back), and in a safe way between the ribs of the chest.
Kidneys are located in the inner part of the abdomen, so they are generally not felt when touched from outside. Its structure is a pair of kidney-shaped organs. In adults, a kidney is about 10 cm long, 6 cm wide, and 4 cm thick. Each kidney weighs about 150 – 170 grams. The tube that carries the urine produced by the kidneys to the bladder is called the ureter. It is usually 25 cm long and is made of special types of flexible muscles. The bladder is a muscular sac located at the front of the lower abdomen (in the pelvis) that stores urine.
Let us know some interesting facts about kidneys.
- The weight of an adult’s kidney is 142 grams.
- It is equal to a human fist.
- The kidneys produce hormones that can narrow (harden) the arteries in our body, causing changes in blood pressure.
- The kidneys make hormones that tell our bodies when to make more red blood cells.
- The kidneys produce vitamin D. Vitamin D helps our body to absorb calcium. Calcium is very essential for making our teeth and bones strong.
- You can survive with one kidney, and your body can function well with one kidney, but that kidney must be healthy.
- Healthy kidneys prevent red blood cells from passing into the urine.
- The kidneys are found under the ribs in your back. But you cannot feel them with your hands.
- Your kidneys clean about 170 liters of blood every day.
- It is good to drink more like this, but more water can be harmful to our kidneys. Doing so can lead to a condition called hyponatremia. Which can cause inflammation in the cells.