High blood pressure and High blood pressure in pregnancy: Today’s life is a part of the race and it gave us many lifestyle diseases one of them is a very dangerous disease High Blood Pressure which is also known as Hypertension.
According to the National Family Health Developer in the year 2017, one in every eight Indians has a problem of hyper hosting. That is, the 200 million population of India is suffering from high blood pressure disease.
The risk of blood pressure increases with age. Usually, by the time you reach the age of 45, the alarm bell starts, while it can be done even at this young age. People do not get to know it for many years, which makes it even more dangerous, hence it is also called a ‘silent killer.
What is high blood pressure?
Our heart sends blood to the whole body through the arteries, the blood flowing in the arteries of the body needs a certain pressure to flow properly, if this pressure increases then it is called high blood pressure, and if When the pressure decreases, it is called low blood pressure. High BP is the cause of the accumulation of fat in the veins. Due to the imbalance in eating and drinking, when the amount of fat in the body increases, then the chances of having high BP are also increased. High blood pressure is 130 or more \ 80 or more.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
- Chest pain
- respiratory distress
- Numb feet
Blood pressure measurement
Blood pressure testing is usually done by placing broadband around the upper part of your arm, which is called phlegm. The air is inserted into the cuff. When the air comes out of the cuff, your blood pressure is measured.
- The upper number is higher and is called systolic reading. This is the pressure in the bloodstream when pumped by the heart.
- The lower number is lower and is called diastolic reading. It is the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart is resting between beats.
Normal blood pressure is an upward number that is less than 120 (systolic) and a downward number that is less than 80 (diastolic). Blood pressure varies from person to person. Blood pressure per hour per person varies from day to day.
High blood pressure in pregnancy
High blood pressure in pregnancy is also called gestational hypertension. It occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is also known as Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) in English.
If the woman has high blood pressure before 20 weeks, it may be that she had lived before she became pregnant. Doctors call such high blood pressure chronic hypertension. This means that high blood pressure is due to the woman for a long time, and will persist even after the birth of the baby.
Most people do not have any symptoms of high blood pressure. If blood pressure is very high, some people may have severe headaches, blurred vision, breathlessness, extreme anxiety and discomfort, and hemorrhage.
There is only one way to know high blood pressure and that is to measure it. During every antenatal check-up, doctors measure blood pressure through a small monitor. This measurement consists of two figures, for example, 110/70, which are like numerical digits.
- The top digit (110) records your blood pressure when your heart beats and transmits blood from the heart to different parts of the body. This is your systolic blood pressure.
- The lower digit (70) is your blood pressure when the heart relaxes or relaxes between beats. This is your diastolic blood pressure.
High blood pressure is if the highest digit (systolic) is 140 or more or the lowest digit (diastolic) is 90.
High blood pressure threatens the fetus
In most cases of mild and moderately high blood pressure, there is no risk to the mother or fetus, but the higher the mother’s blood pressure during pregnancy, the higher the risk of complications, such as:
- Low birth weight
- Premature birth
- Dead baby born