harvesting and harvesting water
harvesting and harvesting water: The process of storing or accumulating anything is calls harvesting. Water is the ‘elixir of life. We need water conservation for present and future generations. Through this lesson, you will be able to get information about the need for water conservation and different methods of water harvesting.
Water is such a natural resource about which experts say that water scarcity will become a major crisis in the coming years. That is why it is very important to talk about sustainable methods of water management for human use. And one of these methods is rainwater harvesting.
India receives an average rainfall of about 1105 mm, but the amount varies at different times and at different places.
In today’s world, the use of water has starts to use extensively in the fields of home, agriculture, and business. Now even in most of the rural areas, even after the installation of excessive borewells, the water level inside the soil has start decreasing and in some places, many borewells have also been closes.
In such a situation, we have to think about conserving water as soon as possible because water is life. In such a situation, it is considered the easiest and best way to conserve rainwater for domestic and commercial use.
Rainwater Harvesting Methods & Advantages
Rainwater harvesting is a process in which we can use rainwater for essential things. We can do rainwater harvesting by storing rainwater at a designated place.
There are many ways to do this, with the help of which we can do rainwater harvesting.
Methods of Rainwater Harvesting
There are many ways to harvest rainwater. Some of these methods have proved to be very effective in harvesting rainwater. In these methods, we can use the water stored in some ways for domestic use, and in some ways, we can use the saved water in the commercial sector.
1. Surface Water Collection Systems
Surface water is the water that falls on the ground after rain and starts flowing into the lower parts of the earth. The method of holding surface water before it goes into dirty unhealthy drains calls surface water collection. Rainwater is stores in wells, rivers, lakes through large drainage pipes, which later remove the shortage of water.
2. Rooftop system
In this way, you can store the rainwater falling on the roof. In such a situation, open tanks use at high altitudes in which rainwater is store and transport to the houses through taps. This water is clean which can fully utilize after adding a little bleaching powder.
Rainwater is store on a very large scale through large dams that can use for agriculture, electricity generation, and domestic use through drains in the summer months or when there is a shortage of water. Dams have proves to be very useful in terms of water conservation, so many dams have been constructess in India as well as new dams are being built.
4. Underground Tanks
This is also a great way through which we can conserve water inside the land. In this process, rainwater is sent to an underground pit which increases the amount of groundwater.
Advantages of Rainwater Harvesting
- You can save more and more water for domestic work like: To clean the clothes, to cook, and to clean the house.
- Big tomorrows are waste by using clean water in the factory, in such a situation, storing rain water and bringing it to use is a great way to save water.
- Rain water harvesting has proved to be the most effective for the farmers because today most of the farmers have been able to overcome the water shortage in the summer months very easily by saving the rain water.