Diabetes Definition, and Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Definition, and Diabetes Complications: Diabetes is a condition that affects the way blood sugar is produced in the body in glucose. For our body to function properly, a healthy level of glucose is required to be maintained in the blood.
Glucose is obtained from carbohydrate foods that are eaten, such as bread, rice, grains, fruits, starchy vegetables, milk, yogurt, etc. It is the main source of energy for the body. When these foods are eaten, the bloodstream carries glucose around the body, where the cells convert it into energy.
The human body needs insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, to break down glucose so that it can enter cells. If a person has diabetes, it means that their pancreas makes very little insulin or none at all.
As a result, the glucose that humans eat will turn into energy rather than stay in the blood, and high levels of glucose in the blood can damage the heart, brain, kidneys, eyes, and feet.
Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes:
- type 1,
- type 2 and
- gestational diabetes.
Complications of diabetes can be serious, but if you change your lifestyle, and pay attention to your blood sugar control, the risk of complications can be reduced to a great extent. If diabetes is left uncontrolled for a long time, it can lead to serious and life-threatening health conditions such as:
- heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Persistent infection
Complications associated with all types of diabetes
Blood glucose: Blood glucose is also known as ‘hypo’. This is when your blood sugar level falls too low. While people experiencing hypoglycemia may take some pills for their diabetes. It is more common in people who take insulin injections for type 1 diabetes. This is generally not a problem for people with type 2 diabetes, the right type can manage their diabetes through food and physical activity, but it is still possible.
Hyperglycaemia: Hyperglycaemia is also called ‘hyper’, which means high blood sugar level. It is possible for your blood sugar level to be high and you may not be aware of it, as many people do not experience symptoms of hyperglycemia.
Kidney Disease: The kidneys help clean the blood. They extract waste from the blood and drive it out of the body in the form of urine. Over time, diabetes can damage your kidneys. You will not have damage to your kidneys until it is advanced enough, so it is important that you have recommended tests to pick up any problems early.
The risk of developing kidney problems can be reduced by managing your blood sugar levels, regularly checking your kidneys and blood pressure, as well as adopting a healthy lifestyle. Early detection of kidney damage is simple and painless. Early treatment can prevent kidney damage and serious complications.
Skin Issues: Skin problems can be an indication that you are suffering from diabetes. Most problems are caused by damaged blood vessels. Diabetic dermopathy can cause brown and bulging patches on the skin, especially in front of the legs. It does not cause any pain or itching and is harmless. But it should be kept in mind that many skin conditions related to diabetes can be avoided by keeping diabetes under control.
Eye Problem: People suffering from diabetes are advised to visit a doctor for a dilated eye exam. Eye problems that can occur due to diabetes are as follows:
Symptoms of eye problems:
- Spots or lines of insight
- went eyes
- Eye discomfort
- Decreased eyesight
Is diabetes a genetic disease?
Experts believe that the effect of heredity in diabetes is less on type one, and more on type two diabetes. If we look at the structure of DNA and the functioning of genes, then if a family has had type two diabetes disease for generations, the members of that family are at risk of diabetes after one age. It can be understood that if a mother or father or one in a family has diabetes, the child of that family is at 30 to 40 percent risk of diabetes.
If both mother and father are suffering from diabetes, then there is an 80 percent risk of it in that family. There is no evidence of being genetic in type-1 and no research has been done. If a family has diabetes, only six to 10 percent of the children are at risk in childhood. The risk of type-1 diabetes can be mostly due to various reasons like eating, diet, exercise, digestive process, etc.