Cancers of the Eye

Cancers of the Eye
Cancers of the Eye

Cancer of the eye, also known as ocular cancer, is a rare type of cancer that affects the eye or the tissues surrounding it. It can occur in any part of the eye, including the eyelid, the iris, the retina, or the optic nerve. While ocular cancer is rare, it can be a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for cancer of the eye.

Symptoms of Cancer of the Eye

The symptoms of ocular cancer can vary depending on the location and stage of cancer. Some of the common symptoms of ocular cancer include:

  1. Vision problems: If cancer affects the retina or the optic nerve, it can cause vision problems such as blurred vision, loss of peripheral vision, or even complete blindness.
  2. Eye pain: Ocular cancer can cause pain in the eye, especially if it affects the eyelid or the surrounding tissues.
  3. Eye discharge: Cancer of the eye can cause discharge from the eye, which may be watery or bloody.
  4. Changes in the appearance of the eye: Ocular cancer can cause changes in the appearance of the eye, such as bulging of the eye, a change in the color of the iris, or the appearance of a lump or bump on the eyelid.

Diagnosis of Cancer of the Eye

If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible. Your eye doctor will perform a comprehensive eye exam, which may include:

  1. Visual acuity test: This test measures how well you can see at various distances.
  2. Dilated eye exam: In this test, the eye doctor will use eye drops to dilate your pupils, which allows them to see inside your eye.
  3. Ophthalmoscopy: This test involves using a special instrument to examine the inside of your eye.
  4. Biopsy: If the eye doctor suspects cancer, they may take a sample of the affected tissue for testing.

Treatment of Cancer of the Eye

The treatment for ocular cancer depends on the location and stage of cancer. Some of the common treatment options include:

  1. Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to remove the cancerous tissue. In some cases, the entire eye may need to be removed.
  2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells.
  3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells.
  4. Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy uses drugs that help your immune system fight cancer.

If you are diagnosed with cancer of the eye, it is important to work closely with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that is right for you.


Cancer of the eye is a rare but serious condition that can affect any part of the eye. If you experience any symptoms of ocular cancer, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve your chances of a successful outcome. With the right treatment and support, many people with ocular cancer are able to overcome the disease and lead healthy, fulfilling lives.