Cancer Uterus, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment: Uterine cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium. It occurs when the cells in the endometrium start to grow and multiply uncontrollably, forming a tumor. If left untreated, the tumor can spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding. This can include bleeding between periods, bleeding after menopause, or heavier periods than usual. Other symptoms can include pelvic pain, pain during sex, and a lump or mass in the pelvic area.
Causes of Uterine Cancer
The exact cause of uterine cancer is not known, but there are several risk factors that can increase a woman’s chance of developing the disease. These risk factors include obesity, a family history of uterine or colon cancer, diabetes, and taking estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy.
Prevention and Treatment of Uterine Cancer
There are several things women can do to reduce their risk of developing uterine cancer. Maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption can all help. Women who are taking estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy should talk to their doctor about their risk of developing uterine cancer and ways to reduce that risk.
Treatment for uterine cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of cancer and the woman’s overall health. Treatment options can include surgery to remove the uterus, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.