Amino Acids Groups, Amino Acids Non-Essential, and amino acid protein
Amino Acids Groups, Amino Acids Non-Essential, and amino acid protein: Amino acids are also called a-amino acids because they are organic compounds that contain amino groups (NH2) and acidic groups (COOH). It is all substitute methane. All proteins are polymers of α-amino acids. They contain amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups.
Carboxyl groups are classified on the basis of α, β, γ, δ based on their location. α-amino acids resemble the hydrolysis of proteins. Each α-amino acid has a unique name that identifies its compound or source characteristics.
Protein plays an important role in all biological processes and the function of amino acids is to help in their manufacture.
A large part of our cells, muscles, and tissues are made up of amino acids, that is, they serve many important physiological functions, such as giving cells their structure and also playing an important role in the transport and storage of nutrients.
Types of Amino Acids –
- Essential Amino Acids
- Redundant amino acids
Essential amino acids: cannot be synthesized in the human body.
Unnecessary amino acids: They can be synthesized in the human body.
Eight essential amino acids are found in the human body and seven essential acids are found in the animals’ bodies.
Functions of amino acids
- They act as monomeric units of proteins.
- By giving or taking proteins (H +) as required, they maintain acid-base balance in the body.
- Some amino acids are both enzymatic and glucosidic. When there is a deficiency of glucose, the cells of the brain make ketones from leucine and get bio-energy from them.
- Some amino acids synthesize important antibiotic substances.
Amino Acids Groups
Each amino acid is classified into four varieties based on the properties of the “R” class. They are known to be polar, and positively charged. Polar amino acids contain “R” groups that are hydrophilic, meaning that they only seek contact with aqueous solutions.
Non-power amino acids are vice versa i.e. hydrophobic and in that they avoid exposure to liquid. These interactions also play a major role in protein folding as well as giving the protein its 3-D structure. Nonpower amino acids are hydrophobic, while the remaining groups are hydrophilic.
Amino acids are essential for life, but not all of them can be produced in the body. These non-amino amino acids are alanine, arginine, asparagine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, serine, tyrosine, etc.
Amino acids that cannot be produced naturally are called essential amino acids. Food sources for obtaining all these amino acids include egg, soy protein, whitefish, etc. On the other hand, unlike humans, plants are capable of synthesizing all 20 amino acids.
Amino Acids Non-Essential
Unnecessary amino acids are those amino acids that can be produced in our bodies. Although we can obtain these amino acids through our diet, the human body can still synthesize these special amino acids. These non-essential amino acids are alanine, cysteine, cysteine, glutamine, glutathione, glycine, histidine, serine, taurine, asparagine, and proline.
Non-essential amino acids are easily available in the human body and can be obtained from foods by grains, meat, fruits, and vegetables.
Amino Acids of The Protein
24 types of amino acids make many types of proteins. Vegetables and animals are sources of protein. All enzymes are proteins and wickers are bio-catalysts. Protein acts to increase immunity in humans. Excessive protein can cause hypertension, obesity, arthritis, and kidney disease. Due to a lack of protein in the body, dwarfism, hair loss, and weight loss, muscles are weak.
Proteins that contain all types of essential amino acids are called complete proteins and proteins in which essential amino acids are not found are called incomplete proteins. Proteins create tissues and cells in the body. Protein plays an important role in the growth and development of the body. Protein is also essential for the formation and repair of tissues and cells.